There are a variety of procurement fraud illegal bribery schemes, illegal kickback schemes, and illicit payment schemes. These illegal government procurement schemes include simple cash bribes paid to a government official for a government procurement contract to elaborate illegal kickback and loans schemes paid through multiple agents, relatives, corporations, foreign banks, and slush funds.
Below is a recent SEC Foreign Corrupt Practices Act case regarding an illegal bribery scheme that involved illegal loans and a sham borrower.
China Natural Gas, Inc. and Qinan Ji: Lit. Rel. No. 22368 / May 14, 2012: Securities and Exchange Commission v. China Natural Gas, Inc. and Qinan Ji, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (Civil Action No. 12-cv-3824 (PGG)) SEC CHARGES CHINA NATURAL GAS AND ITS CHAIRMAN FOR CONCEALING LOANS TO BENEFIT HIS FAMILY
The Securities and Exchange Commission today filed suit in U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against China-based China Natural Gas, Inc. and its chairman and former CEO Qinan Ji for defrauding investors by secretly loaning company funds to benefit Ji’s son and nephew while failing to disclose the true nature of the loans.
The SEC alleges that Ji coordinated two short-term loans totaling more than $14 million in January 2010. One loan went to a real estate firm co-owned by Ji’s son and nephew through a sham borrower. The other loan went to a business partner of the real estate firm. Ji signed the company’s SEC filings that falsely stated the loans were made to third parties. Ji then lied about the true borrower to China Natural Gas’s board, investors, and auditors as well as during the company’s internal investigation.
According to the SEC’s complaint, Ji’s nephew approached China Natural Gas in late 2009 to obtain a loan for a large real estate development project being run by Demaoxing Real Estate Co., a firm that was 90 percent owned by Ji’s son and 10 percent owned by Ji’s nephew. Ji recognized it was inappropriate for China Natural Gas to loan money directly to his nephew, so he asked his niece’s husband, who was the company’s internal audit chief, to use a sham borrower. The internal audit chief located an individual named Taoxiang Wang, and fabricated notes of a meeting with her to discuss loan terms. Wang signed a loan agreement for $9.9 million, and the money was wired directly into a Demaoxing bank account with a note stating that the amount was for “raw material expenses.”
The SEC alleges that around the same time, China Natural Gas made a $4.4 million loan to Shaanxi Juntai Housing Purchase Co., a business partner on Demaoxing’s real estate development project. Shaanxi Juntai’s then-general manager was Ji’s friend. The internal audit chief talked with Ji’s nephew about the project when arranging the loan, which directly benefitted Demaoxing.
According to the SEC’s complaint, Ji was the company CEO until he resigned in October 2011. He approved both loans without obtaining prior authorization from the board or informing the CFO. Ji repeatedly lied to conceal the related party nature of both loans. When questioned about the loans by the China Natural Gas board, Ji falsely stated that the loans involved senior Chinese government officers who were in charge of the company’s liquid natural gas project. During a May 10, 2010 conference call about quarterly earnings, Ji responded to a question about the loans by again stating that they were made to obtain approvals from government officials. He later told the board that he made the loans to earn quick and lucrative interest, and lied about the true nature of the loans during the company’s internal investigation. Ji also lied to the company’s auditors by signing a letter stating that the two loans were for business purposes and the borrowers were not related parties.
The SEC also alleges that in the fourth quarter of 2008, China Natural Gas paid $19.6 million to acquire a natural gas company but did not timely and properly report the transaction in its SEC filings. As with the loans, Ji approved the acquisition without obtaining prior authorization from the board.
The complaint alleges that China Natural Gas and Ji violated or aided and abetted violations of Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Sections 10(b), 13(a), 13(b)(2)(A), 13(b)(2)(B), and 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Exchange Act Rules 10b-5, 12b-20, 13a-1, 13a-11, 13a-13, and 14a-9. The complaint further alleges that Ji violated Exchange Act Section 13(b)(5) and Rules 13a-14, 13b2-1 and 13b2-2. Ji also is charged with violating provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that require him to repay China Natural Gas the bonuses and stock sale profits he received after the company filed false reports with the SEC. The SEC’s complaint seeks a final judgment that imposes financial penalties, bars Ji from acting as an officer or director of a public company, and permanently enjoins Ji and China Natural Gas from future violations of these provisions.
Numerous other types of international government procurement bribery schemes exist including the use of foreign banks, government official relatives, subsidiaries of international companies, false accounting documents, and other third party intermediary and fraudulent accounting practices to disguise sophisticated international government procurement bribery schemes.
International Whistleblowers with original evidence of these schemes can obtain large financial rewards for properly exposing an illegal bribery scheme. If you are the original source with special knowledge of illicit payments and bribes of a foreign official, please feel free to confidentially contact International Whistleblower Bribe Lawyer, Jason S. Coomer about confidentially exposing a bribery scheme.